Kaolin clay

Once or twice a year, a salt water vessel (Lady Doris, Yulia, Cornelia and Trudy) brings kaolin clay here to discharge at the Port Terminal. After discharge, the clay is mixed with water, creating a slurry that will then go to local paper companies.  This has become a new local industry at Lake Superior Warehousing, at the Port Authority. Below is some information from the Port Authority’s Summer, 2013 issue of their quarterly, North Star Port.
Kaolin is a hydrated aluminum silicate crystalline mineral used as a bulking agent or filler in a variety of industries including ceramics, paper, paint, plastics, rubber, sealant, adhesive and chemicals manufacturing. This particular clay adds gloss/shininess in papermaking and is being mined, refined and shipped by IMERYS.
The world’s largest producer of quality kaolin, IMERYS has deposits and production plants in the UK, U.S., Australia and Brazil. The product arrives in bulk as a powder, which is conveyed indoors to a building at the Port Terminal for further processing into a slurry for final delivery by tanker truck to customers in the region.You can buy a one pound jar of Kaolin Clay powder for only $5.99 on Amazon!


Previous names:
Marquette: 1942-1942
Neshanic: 1942-1947
Gulfoil: 1947-1961
Pioneer Challenger: 1961-1962
Middletown: 1962-2006
American Victory: 2006-

The American Victory has been in long term layup since November of 2008, in Superior, WI
Click here for other pages featuring the American Victory

2008Aug26_0931PRODThe American Victory, formerly the Middletown, is one of the oldest and most historic boats on the Great Lakes. She was built as the Marquette in 1942 at Sparrows Point, Maryland. Later that same year, she became the Neshanic. During the Second World War the ship saw duty on both the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean as a tanker. She is credited with shooting down an enemy aircraft and was also hit by a Japanese bomber while refueling a destroyer in the Pacific.
In 1947, she was renamed the Gulfoil when she was purchased by the Gulf Oil Company. In 1958, she was in a collision with another tanker and lost many of her crew members. Although heavily damaged, she was repaired, and converted to a Great Lakes bulk carrier called the Pioneer Challenger. In 1962, her name was changed to the hometown of the Armco Steel Company, Middletown, Ohio. In 2006, she was sold by Oglebay Norton to American Steamship and became the American Victory. Picture above taken Tuesday, August 26, 2008 arriving Duluth when she was the American Victory.
For pictures and information about her when she was the American Victory, go here.
Picture above taken Saturday, November 5, 2005
Picture above taken Saturday, October 8, 2005
Above, she departs Duluth on April  23, 2004. Below, I visited the boat on October 30, 2004 while she was discharging a cargo of limestone
Middletown captain Ted Olm was checking his charts in the pilot house while the Middletown was discharging a cargo of limestone. She loaded a cargo of iron ore pellets before departing the Port.
Then, he gave me a tour of his boat, which is a walk back in history. My guess is the two pictures below show equipment that might have been original; but they were not in use any more.
The original engine has been long gone; below are pictures from my visit; hard to tell now what is still in use.
I took the picture of the picture of the boat as it was during World War 2, below, a picture that shows all the gun placements on the boat.
middletownthanksgivingmenuI visited the Middletown on November 24, 2004, the day before Thanksgiving, a bad choice; had I waited a day, I could have celebrated with them. Click the menu here to see what I missed. Below, steward John (Waldo) Wagner prepares the turkeys. He was nice enough to share their dinner that night with me, delicious salmon/crab croquettes.
Picture below taken Wednesday, December 22, 2004
Above and below, going under the Duluth Aerial Lift Bridge, from the bridge, on June 19, 2003
Picture above taken July 24, 2001 while she was under the Duluth Aerial Lift Bridge as she departed the port; picture below taken Tuesday, November 20, 2001: entering the Duluth ship canal